Perrla Pupils are, simply put, normal pupils. The term is actually an acronym for a longer description: Pupils Equal Round Reactive to Light and Accommodation. It also refers to a medical examination to find out if a patient’s pupils meet those characters described by the acronym.
Perrla Pupils should be normal for a doctor to be able to declare a patient free of risks of eye injuries. The test is done by focusing a bright light into the pupils and see how the respond to said stimuli. The test is also conducted by asking a patient to look at an object and observing how their pupils perceive said object in the process. The main purpose of the test is to help a medical examiner figure out if there are bigger problems to anticipate that are otherwise undiscoverable through other means of examination. Another example for how the test my contribute to informing doctors about a patient’s condition is in a scenario where a patient does not intend on discovering if he or she has diabetes or high blood pressure. They may be admitted to the hospital for a whole different reason only for the test to uncover the truth about their true condition.
- P for Pupils
This part represents the part of the eye that becomes the test’s primary subject. A medical examiner uses a penlight to direct bright light into the pupils. This is done on the pupil of both eyes.
- E for Equal
This refers to the uniformity of the size of both pupils. Measurement is taken on both dilated and constricted states of both pupils. A ruler may be used to measure the diameter of a pupil to find out if it is in the right size once exposed to direct light. To measure the size of the pupils in their constricted state, measurement is done in a darker room under a special source of light called the Burton’s lamp.
- R for Round
A perfectly normal pupil must always be in the shape of a perfect circle. If both or one of the pupils is misshapen or appears in a shape other than a round circle, it could be a sign of health conditions.
- R for Reactive
Pupils are expected to be responsive to stimuli.
- L for Light
This actually correlates with the previous point as the pupils should respond to the light accordingly: constrict in a low-light environment and dilate the other way around. A normal pupil has a light test grade of 3++.
- A for Accommodation
Accommodation refers to the abilities of the pupils to focus to an object relative to the object’s distance. A medical examiner will ask you to look at an object at a certain distance and move said object closer to your eyes. During this process, the way your pupils converge and constrict is examined. A normal pupil has an accommodation test grade of 3++.